A pattern recognition methodology for analyzing residential customers load data and targeting demand response applications

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Energy and Buildings, 2019, 203
Issue Date:
2019-11-15
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. The availability of smart meter data allows defining innovative applications such as demand response (DR) programs for households. However, the dimensionality of data imposes challenges for the data mining of load patterns. In addition, the inherent variability of residential consumption patterns is a major problem for deciding on the characteristic consumption patterns and implementing proper DR settlements. In this regard, this paper utilizes a data size reduction and clustering methodology to analyze residential consumption behavior. Firstly, the distinctive time periods of household activity during the day are identified. Then, using these time periods, a modified symbolic aggregate approximation (SAX) technique is utilized to transform the load patterns into symbolic representations. In the next step, by applying a clustering method, the major consumption patterns are extracted and analyzed. Finally, the customers are ranked based on their stability over time. The proposed approach is applied on a large dataset of residential customers’ smart meter data and can achieve three main goals: 1) it reduces the dimensionality of data by utilizing the data size reduction, 2) it alleviates the problems associated with the clustering of residential customers, 3) its results are in accordance with the needs of systems operators or demand response aggregators and can be used for demand response targeting. The paper also provides a thorough analysis of different aspects of residential electricity consumption and various approaches to the clustering of households which can inform industry and research activity to optimize smart meter operational use.
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