Angle-of-arrival acquisition and tracking via virtual subarrays in an analog array

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2019, 2019-September
Issue Date:
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© 2019 IEEE. Angle-of-arrival (AoA) estimation is a challenging problem for analog antenna arrays. Typical algorithms use beam scanning and sweeping, which can be time-consuming, and the resolution is limited to the scanning step. In this paper, we propose a virtual-subarray based AoA estimation scheme, which divides an analog array into two virtual subarrays and can obtain a direct AoA estimate from every two temporal measurements. We propose different subarray constructions which lead to different range and accuracy of estimation. We provide detailed beamforming vector designs for these constructions and provide a performance lower bound for the estimator. We also present how to apply the estimator to AoA acquisition and tracking. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed scheme significantly outperforms existing ones when the signal-to-noise ratio is not very low.
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