Active Transfer Learning Network: A Unified Deep Joint Spectral-Spatial Feature Learning Model for Hyperspectral Image Classification

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2019, 57 (3), pp. 1741 - 1754
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© 2019 IEEE. Deep learning has recently attracted significant attention in the field of hyperspectral images (HSIs) classification. However, the construction of an efficient deep neural network mostly relies on a large number of labeled samples being available. To address this problem, this paper proposes a unified deep network, combined with active transfer learning (TL) that can be well-trained for HSIs classification using only minimally labeled training data. More specifically, deep joint spectral-spatial feature is first extracted through hierarchical stacked sparse autoencoder (SSAE) networks. Active TL is then exploited to transfer the pretrained SSAE network and the limited training samples from the source domain to the target domain, where the SSAE network is subsequently fine-tuned using the limited labeled samples selected from both source and target domains by the corresponding active learning (AL) strategies. The advantages of our proposed method are threefold: 1) the network can be effectively trained using only limited labeled samples with the help of novel AL strategies; 2) the network is flexible and scalable enough to function across various transfer situations, including cross data set and intraimage; and 3) the learned deep joint spectral-spatial feature representation is more generic and robust than many joint spectral-spatial feature representations. Extensive comparative evaluations demonstrate that our proposed method significantly outperforms many state-of-the-art approaches, including both traditional and deep network-based methods, on three popular data sets.
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