The effect of diesel fuel sulphur and vanadium on engine performance and emissions

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Fuel, 2020, 261
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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd Metallic composition of diesel particulate matter, even though a relatively small proportion of total mass, can reveal important information regarding engine conditions, fuel/lubricating oil characteristics and for health impacts. In this study, a detailed investigation into the metallic elemental composition at different particle diameter sizes has been undertaken. A bivariate statistical analysis was performed in order to investigate the correlation between the metallic element, measured engine performance and engine emission variables. Major sources of metallic elements in the emitted particles are considered in this study, including the fuel and lubricating oil compositions, engine wear emissions and metal-containing dust in the ambient air. Metallic solid ultrafine-particles (Dp < 100 nm) are strongly associated with metallic compounds derived from lubricating oil (Ca, Zn, Mg and K), while the fuel related metallic compounds and engine wear emissions are represented in the accumulation mode particle fraction (>100 nm). Calculated correlation matrices show a clear effect of engine load conditions and fuel S contents on particle number and mass emissions.
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