Enhanced AoA estimation using localized hybrid dual-polarized arrays

Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference, 2019, 2019-September
Issue Date:
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© 2019 IEEE. With balanced system performance, implementation complexity and hardware cost, hybrid antenna array is regarded as an enabling technology for massive multiple-input and multiple-output communication systems in millimeter wave (mmWave) frequencies. Angle-of-arrival (AoA) estimation using a localized hybrid array faces the challenges of the phase ambiguity problem due to its localized nature of array structure and susceptibility to noises. This paper discusses AoA estimation in an mmWave system employing dual-polarized antennas. We propose an enhanced AoA estimation algorithm using a localized hybrid dual-polarized array for a polarized mmWave signal. First, the use of dual-polarized arrays effectively strengthens the calibration of differential signals and resulting signal-to-noise ratio with coherent polarization combining, leading to an enhanced estimate of the phase offset between adjacent subarrays. Second, given the phase offset, an initial AoA estimate can be obtained, which is used to update the phase offset. By employing the updated one, the AoA is re- estimated with improved accuracy. The closed-form mean square error (MSE) lower bounds of AoA estimation are derived and compared with simulated MSEs. The simulation results show that the proposed algorithm in combination with hybrid dual- polarized arrays significantly improves the estimation accuracy compared with the state of the art.
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