Butler Matrix Based Multi-Beam Base Station Antenna Array

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Conference Proceeding
13th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2019, 2019
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© 2019 European Association on Antennas and Propagation. In this paper, a three-beam Butler matrix as well as its antenna arrays is presented for cellular base stations. The three-beam Butler matrix is able to generate three beams in the azimuth plane, which can increase the capacity of base stations. Striplines are used for developing the 3 and times; 3 Butler matrix, which is compose of directional couplers and phase shifters. To extend the 3 and times; 3 Butler matrix to a 3 and times; 5 one, unequal power dividers are also require. To verify the beam-forming network, 5-element dual-polarized antenna arrays covering LTE band are developed. Multiple beams are obtained by feeding the antenna array with the augmented 3 and times; 5 Butler matrix. The design is verified by both simulation and experiments.
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