Optimal energy management of a grid-connected multiple energy carrier micro-grid

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Applied Thermal Engineering, 2019, 152 pp. 796 - 806
Issue Date:
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© 2019 Elsevier Ltd This paper presents a novel modeling approach to optimize the electrical and thermal energy management of a multiple energy carrier micro-grid with the aim of minimizing the operation cost such that system constraints are satisfied. The proposed micro-grid includes a micro-turbine, a fuel cell, a rubbish burning power plant, a wind turbine generator system, a boiler, an anaerobic reactor-reformer system, an inverter, a rectifier, and some energy storage units. The model uses day-ahead forecasting (24 h) to estimate the electrical and thermal loads on a micro-grid network. A day-ahead forecast is also used to estimate electricity generation from wind turbines. Due to the uncertainty associated with day-ahead forecasts, a Monte Carlo simulation is used to estimate thermal loads, electrical loads, and wind power generation. Also, a real-time pricing demand response program is used to shift non-vital loads. The operating cost of the micro-grid is minimized through the particle swarm optimization algorithm. The simulation results demonstrate the proposed modeling framework is superior over conventional centralized optimal scheduling models widely used in the literature in terms of reducing operating cost and computational complexity. In addition, the results obtained by applying the proposed modeling framework are analyzed and validated through scenario testing.
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