Design and implementation of SIW cavity-backed dual-polarization antenna array with dual high-order modes

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2019, 67 (7), pp. 4889 - 4894
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© 2019 IEEE. In this communication, a novel approach for high-order modes excitation using substrate-integrated waveguide (SIW) is proposed for the implementation of a dual-polarization cavity-backed slot antenna. The antenna consists of a resonant SIW cavity with eight radiating slots and two separated SIW feeding networks. The vertically linear polarization (VLP) and horizontally linear polarization (HLP) are realized by adopting the TE430 and TE340 modes with different signal schemes. The field distributions and the surface currents of the TE430 and TE340 modes are used to analyze and illuminate the radiation mechanism. To further validate the proposed design, a 2 × 2 polarization-diverse SIW cavity-backed antenna array is fabricated and tested. The measured results show that the impedance bandwidths (S11 <-10 dB) for the two linear-polarization (LP) states are 10.73-10.9 GHz and 10.75-10.83 GHz, respectively, while the 3 dB axial ratio bandwidth for the right-hand circular polarization (RHCP) is 10.75-10.83 GHz. The measured peak gains of the two LP modes and CP mode are 13.4, 12.92, and 12.2 dBi, respectively. The proposed approach demonstrates an effective way of high-order modes (TE430 and TE340 modes) generation in a single SIW cavity, which has significant meaning in polarization-diversity applications.
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