Robust topology optimization for multiple fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) composites under loading uncertainties

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, 2019, 59 (3), pp. 695 - 711
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© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. This study proposes a non-deterministic robust topology optimization of ply orientation for multiple fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) materials, such as carbon fiber–reinforced plastic (CFRP) and glass fiber–reinforced plastic (GFRP) composites, under loading uncertainties with both random magnitude and random direction. The robust topology optimization is considered here to minimize the fluctuation of structural performance induced by load uncertainty, in which a joint cost function is formulated to address both the mean and standard deviation of compliance. The sensitivities of the cost function are derived with respect to the design variables in a non-deterministic context. The discrete material optimization (DMO) technique is extended here to accommodate robust topology optimization for FRP composites. To improve the computational efficiency, the DMO approach is revised to reduce the number of design variables by decoupling the selection of FRP materials and fiber orientations. In this study, four material design examples are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods. The robust topology optimization results exhibit that the composite structures with the proper ply orientations are of more stable performance when the load fluctuates.
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