A comparison of frictional and socketed concrete injected columns in a transition zone

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Geosynthetics International, 2019, 26 (5), pp. 497 - 514
Issue Date:
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© 2019 Thomas Telford Ltd. This paper sets out to investigate the options available for the transition from Concrete Injected Columns (CICs) to other ground improvement methods, used away from the bridge abutment. Two possible alternatives, widely spaced CICs socketed into stiff material and shorter, closely spaced, frictional CICs, were numerically simulated using FLAC3D software considering the dissipation of porewater pressure and variation of soil permeability with time. The total length of the CICs and the total volume of concrete used for their construction were the same for both alternatives. A geosynthetic layer was introduced into the load transfer platform, and interface elements were incorporated to simulate CIC-soil interaction. The numerical results were also compared with an established analytical solution and a good agreement was achieved. A comparison was then made between the two scenarios; indeed, the embankment on frictional CICs experienced less settlement on the surface, less loads in the geosynthetic, and the bending moments and shear forces generated in the columns were less than the corresponding values for socketed CICs. This study offers an enhanced understanding of the available options to practising engineers when designing road embankments on soft soil.
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