Photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants from wastewater using aluminium doped titanium dioxide

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Water Process Engineering, 2019, 27 pp. 177 - 184
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd The objective of this research was to study the performance of batch and continuous recirculating reactor to photo-degrade dye and synthetic wastewater. Here, Aluminium (Al) was used as the doped metal. The commercially available TiO2 P-25 and Al (NO3)3 was used as a Ti-precursor and doping agent, respectively, via the impregnation method. Various parameters such as the concentration of the doping agent, and calcination temperature were studied. The TiO2 nanocrystal doped with Al was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA). The photocatalytic performance of Al-doped nanoparticle was quantified by the degradation of methylene blue (MB) solution under a visible light irradiation condition. Its performance was compared against undoped-nano-TiO2. The results showed that Al(NO3)3 solution with a concentration of 0.25% and volume of 100 cm/ml, and calcined at 300 ๐C for 4 h, was the optimum condition of Al-doped nano-TiO2. Furthermore, the highest pseudo-first-order kinetic rate was 0.096 where the doped Al(NO3)3 of 0.75 w/v was used in the batch reactor. The Al-doped nano-TiO2 that was obtained has the potential for use as a photocatalyst for degradation organics pollutant from wastewater under the visible light irradiation. The highest removal of organic pollutants from synthetic wastewater was 75% using TiO2 P-25 alone at 2 g/L dosage. In addition, the removal of organic pollutant by TiO2/doped with Al was 80% at a dosage of 0.5 g/L and was 85% at a dosage of 1 g/L.
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