New fault tolerance method for open-phase PMSM

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2019, 7 pp. 146414 - 146427
Issue Date:
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© 2019 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. All rights reserved. Once the motor stator winding is opened, balanced three-phase windings turn into unbalanced two-phases windings. Unfortunately, by conducting Clarke and Park transformation for open-phase PMSM, complete decoupling of the torque and flux cannot achieve. To maintain the rated torque, the two remained phase currents have to be modified as sinusoidal currents with 60◦ phase difference (not 120◦). As a result, the current controller design becomes complicated. In order to solve this problem, a new fault tolerance method for the open-phase PMSM is proposed in this paper. It is designed based on a novel reference frame transformation. Through proposed frame transformation, the modified sinusoidal time-varying current commands are turned into dc variables in the redefined synchronous rotating frame. Hence, the design of the open-phase PMSM current controller can be simplified. This method can deal with different phase open fault and different current control mode (id = 0 or id 6= 0 mode). In addition, considering that the neutral current ripple at usual switching frequencies may be very high, an optimal additional inductance that inserted into the neutral wire is designed. With the designed additional inductance, complete decoupling can be achieved. Experimental results confirm that the reliability and the performance of the PMSM drive can be improved distinctly with the proposed open-phase fault tolerance strategy.
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