Broadband Partially Reflecting Superstrate-Based Antenna for 60 GHz Applications

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation, 2019, 67 (7), pp. 4854 - 4859
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. In this communication, a broadband low-profile partially reflecting superstrate (PRS)-based antenna is presented for 60 GHz applications. The PRS with an asymmetric pattern of circular metallic patches printed on one side of a thin dielectric slab improves the feed antenna gain from 6.5 to 18.5 dBi. A prototype antenna exhibits a peak gain of 18.8 dBi with a 3 dB gain bandwidth of 16.7%. Simulated and measured radiation patterns of the proposed antenna are highly directive toward broadside over a large operating bandwidth. The prototype antenna is well matched with a measured voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) below 2 over a frequency range from 55.6 to 69.6 GHz, corresponding to a matching bandwidth of 22.4%. Fabrication limitations and assembly tolerances are also discussed. Overall, the prototype validates the high gain and wideband performance of the proposed antenna. The total area of the PRS is 5.2\lambda -{0}^{2} and the overall height of the antenna is only 0.66\lambda -{0} at the lowest operating frequency of 55.6 GHz.
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