Risk of emergency hospitalisation and survival outcomes following adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer in New South Wales, Australia

Publication Type:
Journal Article
European Journal of Cancer Care, 2019, 28 (5)
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© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd Objective: To examine risk of emergency hospital admission and survival following adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer. Methods: Linked data from New South Wales population-based and clinical cancer registries (2008–2012), hospital admissions, official death records and pharmaceutical benefit claims. Women aged ≥18 years receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for early-stage operable breast cancer in NSW public hospitals were included. Odds ratios (OR) for emergency hospitalisation within 6 months following chemotherapy initiation were estimated using logistic regression and survival using Kaplan–Meier and Cox proportional hazards methods. Results: A total of 3,950 women were included and 30.6% were hospitalised. The most common principal diagnosis at admission was neutropenia (30.8%). Women receiving docetaxel/carboplatin/trastuzumab (TCH) and docetaxel/cyclophosphamide (TC) were the most frequently hospitalised. After adjustment for demographic and clinical factors, the increased risk of hospitalisation for TCH and TC remained compared with doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide 3-weekly (OR 1.71, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.24–2.37 and OR 1.47, 95% CI 1.17–1.85 respectively). Five-year overall survival was similar for women who were (92.2%, 95% CI 90.7–93.8) and were not hospitalised (93.1%, 95% CI 92.1–94.1). Conclusion: Emergency hospitalisations following chemotherapy for early breast cancer were relatively common, especially following docetaxel-containing protocols. Further examination of reasons for admission is needed to inform actions to improve patient safety.
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