Cavity Filtering Magic-T and Its Integrations into Balanced-to-Unbalanced Power Divider and Duplexing Power Divider

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 2019, 67 (12), pp. 4995 - 5004
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. In this article, a cavity filtering magic-T based on three fundamental modes, namely, TE011, TE101, and TM110, in a single triple-mode resonator (TMR) is presented. Taking advantage of the magic-T concept, two types of cavity-based filtering power dividers (PDs) integrated with balanced and duplexing functions are investigated. For the first design of a balanced-to-unbalanced (B2U) PD, balanced functions are integrated at input ports. Three fundamental modes provide the odd-and even-symmetric field distributions so that in-phase and out-of-phase responses at output ports can be achieved. Meanwhile, the common-mode suppression can be achieved at the balanced ports, and high isolation is achieved at the single-end ports, respectively. For the second design of a duplexing PD, instead of using resistors for output ports isolation, isolated ports are applied for magic-Ts to achieve all ports impedance matched and high isolation between channels of the proposed duplexing PD. To verify the concept, a B2U PD and a duplexing PD are fabricated and tested. Good matching between simulated and measured results shows the accuracy of the proposed design methodologies.
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