The scattering of plane P, SV waves by twin lining tunnels with imperfect interfaces embedded in an elastic half-space

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Journal Article
Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, 2019, 85 pp. 319 - 330
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© 2018 Elsevier Ltd A viscous-slip interface model is employed to simulate the contact between the tunnels lining and the surrounding rock, and the scattering of P, SV waves by twin shallowly buried lining tunnels is investigated with the indirect boundary integral equation method (IBIEM). The amplification effect of the dynamic stress concentration of the lining and the surface displacement near the tunnels is examined. It is evident that the slipping-stiffness coefficient and viscosity coefficient at the lining-surrounding rock interface have a significant influence on the dynamic stress distribution and the nearby surface displacement response of the lining tunnel, while the influence characteristics strongly depend on the incident wave type, frequency and angle. Under the incidence of low frequency wave, as a whole, with the increase of the sliding stiffness, the hoop stress increases gradually for plane P and SV waves; while in the resonance frequency (the incident wave frequency is consistent with the natural frequency of the soil column above the tunnels), specially for high-frequency band, the dynamic stress concentration effect is more significant for smaller sliding stiffness. With the increase of viscosity coefficient, the dynamic stress concentration factor inside the lining gradually decreases. Also, the tunnels with viscous-slip interfaces have a more significant amplification effect on the nearby surface displacement amplitude. Moreover, the hoop stress of the twin tunnels may be obviously larger than that of single tunnel in most cases. The dynamic analysis of the underground structure under the actual strong dynamic loading should consider the influence of the slip effect between the lining and surrounding rock interface.
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