Filtering Balanced-to-Single-Ended Power Dividers with Wide Range and High Level of Common-Mode Suppression

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 2019, 67 (12), pp. 5038 - 5048
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© 1963-2012 IEEE. A new design approach for developing balanced-to-single-ended (BTSE) power dividers (PDs) to achieve high-level and wide range of common-mode (CM) suppression and minimum mode-conversion level is presented. The suppression of CM signals and mode conversion is realized by a microstrip-to-slotline transition, which is due to the orthogonality between the electric field of the microstrip line and slotline. Filtering responses are included in the differential-mode transmission performance, and multiple transmission zeros are generated by loading shunted coupled-line stubs. A multimode slotline resonator is used to provide multiple resonances in the passband, and these resonances can be easily controlled so that the operating bandwidth can be varied in a large frequency range. Based on this design approach, several BTSE PDs with different bandwidths are simulated in the EM environment. Prototypes are fabricated and tested to verify the design. The experimental results reveal that 200% fractional bandwidth of CM suppression is obtained. The CM suppression and mode-conversion levels are below-35 dB at all frequencies, which is extremely desired in differential circuits and systems.
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