Statistical analysis of randomized benchmarking

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Journal Article
Physical Review A, 2019, 99 (5)
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© 2019 American Physical Society. Randomized benchmarking and variants thereof, which we collectively call RB+, are widely used to characterize the performance of quantum computers because they are simple, scalable, and robust to state-preparation and measurement errors. However, experimental implementations of RB+ allocate resources suboptimally and make ad-hoc assumptions that undermine the reliability of the data analysis. In this paper, we propose a simple modification of RB+ which rigorously eliminates a nuisance parameter and simplifies the experimental design. We then show that, with this modification and specific experimental choices, RB+ efficiently provides estimates of error rates with multiplicative precision. Finally, we provide a simplified rigorous method for obtaining credible regions for parameters of interest and a heuristic approximation for these intervals that performs well in currently relevant regimes.
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