Secret Key Agreement for Data Dissemination in Vehicular Platoons

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 2019, 68 (9), pp. 9060 - 9073
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© 2019 IEEE. In a vehicular platoon, the lead vehicle that is responsible for managing the platoon's moving directions and velocity periodically disseminates messages to the following automated vehicles in a multi-hop vehicular network. However, due to the broadcast nature of wireless channels, this kind of communication is vulnerable to eavesdropping and message modification. Generating secret keys by extracting the shared randomness in a wireless fading channel is a promising way for wireless communication security. We study a security protocol for data dissemination in the platoon, where the vehicles cooperatively generate a shared secret key based on the quantized fading channel randomness. To improve conformity of the generated key, the probability of secret key agreement is formulated, and a novel secret key agreement algorithm is proposed to recursively optimize the channel quantization intervals, maximizing the key agreement probability. Numerical evaluations demonstrate that the key agreement probability achieved by our security protocol given different platoon size, channel quality, and number of quantization intervals. Furthermore, by applying our security protocol, the probability that the encrypted data being cracked by an eavesdropper is less than 5%.
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