Risk analysis of health, safety and environment in chemical industry integrating linguistic FMEA, fuzzy inference system and fuzzy DEA
- Springer Science and Business Media LLC
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 2019, 34, (1), pp. 201-218
- Issue Date:
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© 2019, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature. Organizations are continuously endeavoring to provide a healthy work environment without any incident, by Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE) management. As most of the activities and processes in the organizations have risk-taking nature, identification and evaluation of risks can be useful to decrease their negative effects on the system. Although Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA) technique is used widely for risk assessment, the traditional Risk Priority Number (RPN) score has shortcomings like do not considering different weights and the inherent uncertainty of risk factors as well as do not regarding all viewpoints of the experts in decision making. The aim of this study is presenting a hybrid approach based on the Linguistic FMEA, Fuzzy Inference System (FIS) and Fuzzy Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) model to calculate a novel score for covering some RPN shortcomings and the prioritization of HSE risks. First, after identifying potential risks and assigning values to the RPN determinant factors by linguistic FMEA team members due to the differentiation of these values, FIS is used to reach a consensus opinion about these factors. Then, the outputs of FIS are used by the fuzzy DEA and its supper efficiency model to risk prioritization which can contribute to full prioritization. In addition to considering uncertainty and decreasing dependence on the team’s opinions, in this phase weights of triple factors are calculated based on mathematical programming. To show the ability of the proposed approach in terms of HSE risks prioritization, it has been implemented in an active company in the chemical industry. After identifying risks having high priority based on the proposed score, preventive/corrective actions are presented in accordance with the case study, and for more analysis of results, the self-organizing map has been applied in this study.
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