Distributed current control of cascaded multilevel inverters

Publisher:
IEEE
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Citation:
Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology, 2019, 2019-February, pp. 1509-1514
Issue Date:
2019-02-01
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© 2019 IEEE. Multilevel inverters are widely used in the medium voltage energy market. Among them, the Cascaded H-Bridge (CHB) and Modular Multilevel Inverter (MMC) stand out for their modular hardware, which allows the easy replacement of their modules in the case of failures. Normally, these converters are operated with centralized control schemes, which require a large processing capacity, multiple digital outputs and wires for the switching signals of the transistors. The use of a centralized controller reduces the modularity of the system and generates difficulties as the number of inverters connected in series (cells) increases. In this work, a distributed control strategy for CHB converters is proposed, allowing each cell to have an independent local controller, which increases the modularity of the multilevel converter without deteriorating the performance of the system. Extensive simulations are carried out, showing the advantages and disadvantages of the proposed distributed control strategy offers when compared to a PI current controller on dq axes and Shifted PWM. The proposed control scheme is also tested under fault conditions and is finally applied in a Field Oriented Control (FOC) of a permanent magnet synchronous machine (PMSM), in order to evaluate its performance in electrical drives applications.
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