Sequence-based prediction of protein-protein interaction sites by simplified long short-term memory network
- Elsevier BV
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Neurocomputing, 2019, 357, pp. 86-100
- Issue Date:
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© 2019 Elsevier B.V. Proteins often interact with each other and form protein complexes to carry out various biochemical activities. Knowledge of the interaction sites is helpful for understanding disease mechanisms and drug design. Accurate prediction of the interaction sites from protein sequences is still a challenging task and severe imbalance data also decreased the performance of computational methods. In this study, we propose to use a deep learning method for improving the imbalanced prediction of protein interaction sites. We develop a new simplified long short-term memory (SLSTM) network to implement a deep learning architecture (named DLPred). To deal with the imbalanced classification in the deep learning model, we explore three new ideas. First, our collection of the training data is to construct a set of protein sequences, instead of a set of just single residues, to retain the entire sequential completeness of each protein. Second, a new penalization factor is appended to the loss function such that the penalization to the non-interaction site loss can be effectively enhanced. Third, multi-task learning of interaction sites and residue solvent accessibility prediction are used for correcting the preference of the prediction model on the non-interaction sites. Our model is evaluated on three public datasets: Dset186, Dtestset72 and PDBtestset164. Compared with current state-of-the-art methods, DLPred is able to significantly improve the predictive accuracies and AUC values while improving the F-measure. The training dataset, test datasets, a standalone version of DLPred and online service are available at http://qianglab.scst.suda.edu.cn/dlp/.
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