Modeling multi-purpose sessions for next-item recommendations via mixture-channel purpose routing networks

International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
IJCAI International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, 2019, 2019-August, pp. 3771-3777
Issue Date:
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© 2019 International Joint Conferences on Artificial Intelligence. All rights reserved. A session-based recommender system (SBRS) suggests the next item by modeling the dependencies between items in a session. Most of existing SBRSs assume the items inside a session are associated with one (implicit) purpose. However, this may not always be true in reality, and a session may often consist of multiple subsets of items for different purposes (e.g., breakfast and decoration). Specifically, items (e.g., bread and milk) in a subset have strong purpose-specific dependencies whereas items (e.g., bread and vase) from different subsets have much weaker or even no dependencies due to the difference of purposes. Therefore, we propose a mixture-channel model to accommodate the multi-purpose item subsets for more precisely representing a session. To address the shortcomings in existing SBRSs, this model recommends more diverse items to satisfy different purposes. Accordingly, we design effective mixture-channel purpose routing networks (MCPRNs) with a purpose routing network to detect the purposes of each item and assign them into the corresponding channels. Moreover, a purpose-specific recurrent network is devised to model the dependencies between items within each channel for a specific purpose. The experimental results show the superiority of MCPRN over the state-of-the-art methods in terms of both recommendation accuracy and diversity.
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