Educational needs of community pharmacy staff in minor ailment service delivery: A systematic scoping review.

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Curr Pharm Teach Learn, 2020, 12, (10), pp. 1269-1287
Issue Date:
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BACKGROUND: Minor ailment services (MASs) are structured, protocol driven pharmacy services established locally or nationally. Community pharmacy staff may benefit from education and training to deliver MASs. Our objective was to examine the evidence regarding training, education, and assessment requirements associated with the delivery of MASs by community pharmacists and other community pharmacy staff. METHODS: Two independent literature search strategies were conducted to examine the grey literature and scientific literature. Inclusion criteria consisted of English written literature related to the training of pharmacists, medicine counter assistants (MCAs), pharmacy technicians, and pharmacy students in the context of MASs. RESULTS: Sixty-six grey literature records (n = 57) and scientific articles (n = 9) met inclusion criteria. Most trainings targeted community pharmacists and focused on clinical care aspects that did not include guidance on service parameters and MAS delivery. Training lacked uniformity and varied in terms of time commitment, cost, curricula, and assessment processes. Limited training was identified for community pharmacy staff, particularly MCAs. IMPLICATIONS: MAS training is primarily provided for community pharmacists, with scant MAS training for community pharmacy support staff. Furthermore, existing training for any stakeholder group did not include guidance pertaining to service delivery. A structured training approach for the entire community pharmacy team is recommended to promote MAS outcomes and deliver a robust, high quality service. Detailed protocols and guidelines may be needed to ensure skilled MAS providers can deliver quality patient care.
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