340 GHz Double-Sideband Mixer Based on Antenna-Coupled High-Temperature Superconducting Josephson Junction
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- IEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology, 2020, 10, (1), pp. 21-31
- Issue Date:
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© 2011-2012 IEEE. Wireless communication and sensing are moving from microwave, millimeter-wave into the terahertz (THz) frequency regime to meet the fast growing demand of ultrahigh data-rate communications and super resolution imaging. Faced with severe atmospheric absorption attenuation and the lack of power efficient transmitting source at the higher band, ultrasensitive and cost-effective receiver frontend technology is required for advanced THz wireless systems. To date, the most sensitive heterodyne mixers, the key components of frontend receiver systems, are based on low-temperature superconducting materials that operate at liquid helium (4.2 K) temperature range, requiring expensive and bulky cryogenic cooling systems thus hindering them from commercial applications such as wireless communications and sensing. In this article, we present a 340 GHz double-sideband fundamental mixer based on thin-film antenna-coupled high-temperature superconducting (HTS) Josephson junction that operates at a much higher temperature range attainable with smaller and cheaper cryocoolers. Based on our innovative work in terms of advanced device circuit and on-chip antenna designs, accurate parametric simulation analyses, and Josephson junction parameter optimizations, the reported mixer exhibits a measured noise temperature of 470 and 780 K at operating temperatures of 20 and 40 K respectively at 340 GHz, a performance significantly higher than any HTS THz mixers reported to date.
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