Preparation of novel high permeability and antifouling polysulfone-vanillin membrane

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Desalination, 2020, 496
Issue Date:
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A novel high-performance nanofiltration membrane was fabricated by a simple and scalable route involving in situ cross-linking of hydrophilic, cheap, and environmentally friendly vanillin as antifouling agent with polysulfone (PSf) for salt rejection performance. Vanillin acts as a porogen, which induces a negative surface charge on the membrane surface due to the presence of polar functional groups like alcohol and aldehyde. The surface properties, including charge, morphology, and hydrophilicity, were investigated in detail using analytical instruments. The nanofiltration performance of the fabricated PSf-vanillin membranes was dependent on the percentage of vanillin added in the casting solution. The PSf-vanillin membrane antifouling tests were evaluated using 200 mg/L bovine serum albumin (BSA), and results showed 99% rejection with 88.55% flux recovery ratio. Performance studies were compared with commercially available TRISEP® UA60 nanofiltration membrane. PSf-vanillin membrane M2 showed higher MgSO4 (87.49%), NaCl (25.78%) rejection with excellent antifouling properties compared to commercial UA60 membrane. It is believed that charged membranes are the building blocks for the development of future generation desalination membranes possessing high permeability and selectivity index. The developed membranes have potential niche application in the pre-treatment of feed solution.
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