Sustained fall in inpatient MRSA prevalence after a video-reflexive ethnography project; an observational study.

Publisher:
Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Citation:
Infection, disease & health, 2020, 25, (3), pp. 140-150
Issue Date:
2020-08
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BACKGROUND:Maintaining optimal infection prevention and control (IPC) in a busy, clinical environment is challenging. Video-reflexive ethnography (VRE) is a collaborative, interventionist approach to practice improvement. We hypothesised that giving clinicians opportunities to view and reflect on video footage of everyday ward activities would raise awareness of, and suggest strategies to reduce, pathogen transmission risks. We undertook a VRE project, between March and September 2013, in two tertiary hospital surgical wards, with persistently high methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) endemicity, despite previous IPC interventions. METHODS:This study was a retrospective/prospective observational study, using interrupted time-series analyses, to assess the effects of the VRE project on hand hygiene compliance, inpatient MRSA infections (newly infected patients, per 1000 occupied bed days) and inpatient MRSA colonisation prevalence, measured by serial point prevalence surveys. Follow-up continued until June 2016. RESULTS:The VRE project was associated with changes in IPC behaviour and outcomes. Hand hygiene compliance increased (from 62% to 75%; p < 0.0001) and MRSA colonisation prevalence decreased significantly, in both wards (baseline 42%; average post-VRE 12%; p=<0.0001), MRSA infection rate decreased in one ward. Interpretation of results was complicated by a potential confounding effect of unplanned environmental hydrogen peroxide decontamination (HPD). Improved hand hygiene compliance was a predicted outcome of VRE, but also a potential contributor to reduced MRSA transmission. CONCLUSION:Separate contributions of VRE (the intervention), HPD and hand hygiene compliance were uncertain, but their combined effect was significantly reduced MRSA endemicity, which previously had been resistant to attempted IPC interventions.
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