Adaptive and Extensible Energy Supply Mechanism for UAVs-Aided Wireless-Powered Internet of Things

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 2020, 7, (9), pp. 9201-9213
Issue Date:
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This article studies multiple unmanned aerial vehicles (multi-UAVs)-enabled wireless-powered Internet of Things (IoT), where a group of UAVs is dispatched as mobile power sources to charge a set of ground IoT devices. Different from the conventional radio-frequency (RF) wireless power transfer (WPT) systems, magnetic resonance-coupled (MRC) WPT systems can guarantee high power transfer efficiency without the complete alignment, which is remarkable. In this article, we extend the charging range by the wired connection between the energy receiving systems and IoT devices. Due to the restriction of carriable energy on the UAVs, designing the shortest possible trajectory for each UAV is necessary. We formulate it as a multidepots multi-UAVs trajectory optimization problem, jointly with constraints of the UAV's energy capacity and the area of the target region, to maximize the resource utilization of UAVs. To tackle this nonconvex problem, we decompose it into two subproblems, i.e., hovering locations selection and multi-UAVs trajectory optimization. For the first subproblem, we propose two approximation algorithms to obtain the near-optimal solution in the sparse networks. Then, we adopt a heuristic algorithm, a memetic algorithm-based variable neighborhood search (MAVNS), to achieve the quasioptimal trajectory rapidly. Finally, extensive numerical results are provided to evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithms. New insights are investigated on the estimation of feasibility that whether the given UAVs with energy capacity constraint can fully charge ground IoT devices within open areas.
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