A sociocultural approach to motivation: A long time coming but here at last

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Advances in Motivation and Achievement: The Decade Ahead: Applications and contexts of motivation and achievement (Vol 16B), 2010, 1, pp. 1 - 42
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Until recently, motivation has been considered to be an individual phenomenon. Motivational theorists have accordingly conceptualised key constructs in individualistic terms and emphasised the individual origins and nature of motivation, although they have also long recognised that contextual or social factors have a significant influence on these individual processes. Recently this conceptualisation has been questioned as theorists have suggested, after Vygotsky, that motivation, like learning and thinking, Illight be social in nature. This idea was first suggested by Sivan (1986) more than twenty years ago but it received a major impetus with the pnblication of an article by Hickey (1997) eleven years later. Since that time interest in the social nature of motivation has grown as a small number of book chapters and journal articles have been published and conference papers have been presented on the topic.
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