Field study of pile – prefabricated vertical drain (PVD) interaction in soft clay
- CANADIAN SCIENCE PUBLISHING
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 2020, 57, (3), pp. 377-390
- Issue Date:
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© 2020, Canadian Science Publishing. All rights reserved. Piles and prefabricated vertical drains (PVDs) are two well-established inclusions used by geotechnical practitioners when dealing with soft compressible foundations. Induced movements in highly compressible soil can adversely influence the pile response by inducing additional movements and stresses in the piles. Especially, undesirable soil–pile interaction often leads to the development of excess pore-water pressure during pile installation and negative skin friction caused by the settlement of compressible soil surrounding the piles. Additional drainage by PVDs prior to the installation of a pile could reduce excess pore-water pressure, lateral soil movement, and negative skin friction on the pile. In this paper, full-scale field testing on two trial embankments built on soft soil is reported and the relative behaviour of these two embankments is compared and discussed. Soft soil underneath both embankments was consolidated before one pile was installed at the centre of each embankment. The pore-water pressure, lateral soil movement, surface settlement, and associated strain at the pile shaft were recorded. The pile capacity was tested immediately and 3 h after pile installation. The monitoring and testing results indicated that preconsolidation with PVDs before piling can effectively reduce the excess pore-water pressure, lateral soil movement, and downdrag on the pile.
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