Frequency-Reconfigurable Cloud Versus Fog Computing: An Energy-Efficiency Aspect

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking, 2020, 4, (1), pp. 221-235
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© 2017 IEEE. Cloud and fog computing are two emerging Internet-based collaborative technologies for big data analytics. An interesting question arising is whether the two technologies can resonate with significant gains of energy efficiency, especially in the case where advanced cloud platforms with Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) are considered. This paper answers the question by formulating the optimization of a cloud with and without the assistance of fog, and deriving asymptotically optimal distributed solutions for the two cases. We also identify the critical condition under which fog computing helps the cloud to reduce the time-averaged queue lengths. The condition depends on the configurations of the fog, and the configurations of the connections between the fog and cloud. Extensive simulations exhibit good consistency with our analysis of the conditional benefits of fog computing. Evident from experimental datasets, the proposed fog-assisted cloud platform is able to increase the time-averaged energy efficiency by about 32.2%, and decrease the time-averaged queue length by around 37.0%, compared to a fog-coordinated counterpart where fog nodes only dispatch data and do not process the data.
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