Semiconductor photothermal materials enabling efficient solar steam generation toward desalination and wastewater treatment
- Elsevier BV
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Desalination, 2020, 500, pp. 114853-114853
- Issue Date:
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© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Water scarcity issues around the world have renewed interest in the use of solar water evaporation as a means of providing fresh water. Advances in photothermal materials and thermal management, together with new interfacial system designs, have considerably improved the overall efficiency of solar steam generation (SSG) for desalination and wastewater treatment. Several classes of rationally-designed photothermal materials (PTMs) and nanostructures have enabled effective absorption of broad solar spectrum resulting in improved solar evaporation efficiency. Among several classes of PTMs, semiconductor-based PTMs have demonstrated great potential for SSG. In this review, we highlight the progress and prospects in SSG with emphasis on the use and evolution of advanced semiconductor materials for PTMs and their various designs and engineered architectures. Applications and future prospects for desalination and wastewater treatment are also discussed.
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