A Markovian Approach to the Mobility Management for the D2D Communications in 5G Cellular Network System

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Smart Innovations in Engineering and Technology, 2020, 2020, Smart Innovations in Engineering and Technology, pp. 253-265
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Device to Device communication, which is mostly known as D2D communication is considered an integral part of the next generation (5G) telecommunication network system. However, it is still a challenge how to manage the devices while they are in moving condition. Only a few papers highlighted this problem and yet to come up with a reliable solution. We already proposed a unique algorithm of mobility management for the D2D communication system in our previous papers. In this chapter, we will highlight and explain the mobility model mathematically and analytically along with the simulation of the Markovian model. Markov model, which is essentially a simplified approach of describing a system that occupies a discrete state at any point in time. We also make a bridge between our mobility algorithm and Markovian model.
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