An Epsilon-Near-Zero (ENZ) Based, Ultra-Wide Bandwidth Terahertz Single-Polarization Single-Mode Photonic Crystal Fiber

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Journal of Lightwave Technology, 2021, 39, (1), pp. 223-232
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
© 1983-2012 IEEE. A novel terahertz (THz) photonic crystal fiber (PCF) that yields single-polarization single-mode (SPSM) propagation over an ultra-wide bandwidth is designed and analyzed. The PCF is based upon a triangle-based lattice of air holes in a high resistivity silicon substrate with three selectively-filled rectangular slots introduced into the core area. Four air holes surrounding the core region are chosen to be loaded with an epsilon-near-zero (ENZ) material. The configuration, and the large loss of the ENZ material establish a large loss difference (LD) between the two fundamental propagating polarization modes, and any higher order modes. When the central slot of the three in the core is filled with a gain material, and the adjacent two slots are air-filled, the LD values between the one desired propagating mode, and all other modes are significantly enhanced. Consequently, essentially only the desired mode will exist in the PCF after a short propagation distance resulting in the SPSM behavior. The optimized design provides large LD values, greater than 9.4 dB/cm, over a SPSM spectrum of 0.64 THz (from 1.10 to 1.74 THz), which, to the best of our knowledge, is the widest SPSM bandwidth achieved to date in the THz regime. The unwanted modes are 30 dB smaller than the wanted mode after a 3.2 cm length of the PCF. This outcome is highly desired for polarization sensitive THz communications, and sensor systems that rely on waveguiding structures.
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: