Bridge Operational Modal Identification Using Sparse Blind Source Separation

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ACMSM25, 2020, 37, pp. 911-920
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© 2020, Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. The bridge infrastructures are subjected to continuous degradation due to ageing, environmental and excess loading. Monitoring of these structures is a key part of any maintenance strategy as it can give early warning if a bridge is becoming unsafe. Most of the current approaches are using direct measurements that the sensors are installed at different specific locations on the bridge to capture the dynamic characteristics of the structure under random input, such as wind loads, traffic loads and ground motions. Based on the assumption on the white noise characteristics of the random input, structural properties of the bridge could be extracted from the vibration responses only. However, the bridge is subjected to non-stationary traffic loads, and the frequency characteristics of vibrations are varied. Especially for short-span bridges, the non-stationary traffic excitation is significant and most of the existing output-only structural identification methods could not be used to assess the bridge condition. This study proposes a blind source separation (BSS) method using short time Fourier transform (STFT) for the analysis of non-stationary measurements in time frequency (TF) domain. The proposed method is capable of source component separation from response measurement for underdetermined problems when the number of independent measurements (sensors) is less than that of source component. The proposed method is applied to a cable-stayed bridge in the field for the operational modal identification under different traffic conditions.
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