Nonlinear Connection Stiffness Identification of Heritage Timber Buildings Using a Temperature-Driven Multi-Model Approach

Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics, 2020, 20, (10)
Issue Date:
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© 2020 World Scientific Publishing Company. 'Que-Ti' is an important component in typical Tibetan heritage timber buildings and it performs similar to corbel brackets connecting beam and column in modern structures. It transfers shear, compression and bending moment by slippage and deformation of components as well as limited joint rotation. A rigorous analytical model of 'Que-Ti' is needed for predicting the behavior of a timber structure under extreme loadings. Few researches have been done on this topic, particularly with the parameters describing the performances of this connection subjected to external loads. In this paper, a new temperature-driven multimodel approach is proposed to identify the stiffness parameters of a 'Que-Ti' connection in its operating environment. Models with nonlinear compression and rotational springs have been developed to take into account the change of mechanical behavior of the 'Que-Ti' affected by the temperature variation in typical heritage Tibetan buildings. The column-beam connection is modeled as two nonlinear rotational springs and one nonlinear compressive spring. Ambient temperature variation is treated as a force function in the input (temperature)-output (local mechanical strains) relationship, and stiffness identification is conducted iteratively via correlating the calculated strain responses with measured data. The nonlinear model of the joint is reproduced with a number of linear local models in different deformation scenarios that are corresponding to different temperature ranges. The stiffness parameters can be identified using a multimodel approach. Numerical results show that the method is effective and reliable to identify the nonlinear connection stiffness of the 'Que-Ti' accurately with the temperature change even with 10% noise in measurements. The monitoring data from a long-term monitoring system installed in a typical heritage Tibetan building is used to further verify the method. The experimental results show that the identified stiffness by the proposed method with nonlinear connection stiffness model can get better results than that obtained from the linear connection stiffness model.
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