Microwave pyrolysis for valorisation of horse manure biowaste

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Journal Article
Energy Conversion and Management, 2020, 220
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© 2020 Elsevier Ltd Biomass-based feedstock is an attractive alternative to fossil fuel due to its sustainability and potential as a clean energy source. The present work focuses on the valorisation of horse manure biowaste to produce bioenergy via microwave-assisted pyrolysis technique. The thermal decomposition process is conducted by considering the effects of pyrolysis temperature, catalyst loading and carrier gas flow rate on the yield and quality of end products. The pyrolysed gaseous product contains up to 73.1 vol% of syngas components. The solid biochar obtained contains a heating value of 35.5 MJ/kg with high surface to pore volume ratio. The relatively high specific energy contents of gaseous products and biochar indicate their potential as biofuels. The liquid product is found to contain oxygenated phenolic compound of up to 79.4 wt%. In spite of an overall energy deficit achieved when comparing the total energy of end products with the feedstock, the energy balance analysis indicates the optimum production parameters. The least energy deficit is achieved at the reactive conditions of 350–450 °C and manure-to-catalyst ratio of 1:1. A reaction mechanism pathway for the pyrolysis of horse manure is presented to show the production route for bioenergy and valuable chemicals.
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