Novel Polarimetric Contrast Enhancement Method Based on Minimal Clutter to Signal Ratio Subspace

Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 2019, 57, (11), pp. 8570-8583
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08755283.pdfPublished version13.68 MB
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© 1980-2012 IEEE. Enhancing the contrast of target and clutter is a crucial issue in synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image target detection. In this paper, we define a novel subspace, called minimal clutter-to-signal ratio (MCSR) subspace, which can minimize the clutter-to-signal ratio (CSR) by projecting the feature vector to the subspace. Based on MCSR, a novel polarimetric contrast enhancement method is proposed. The MCSR subspace is learned based on the commonly used polarimetric feature vectors extracted from the labeled training SAR image pixels. The feature vectors extracted form candidate SAR image pixels are projected to the MCSR subspace. By calculating the square norm of each transformed feature vector, an enhanced image can be obtained. It is demonstrated that the existing optimization of polarimetric contrast enhancement (OPCE) is a special case of the proposed method to some extent. Experimental results show that our method outperforms the traditional OPCE method on the RadarSat-2 SAR data.
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