Spatiotemporal Patterns of Visitors in Urban Green Parks by Mining Social Media Big Data Based upon WHO Reports

Publication Type:
Journal Article
IEEE Access, 2020, 8, pp. 39197-39211
Issue Date:
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© 2013 IEEE. Green parks in urban areas are believed to enhance the well-being of residents. The importance of green spaces to support health and fitness in urban areas has recently regained interest. Reports released in 2010-2016 by the World Health Organization (WHO) on urban planning, environment, and health stated that green spaces can have a positive impact on physical activity, social and mental well-being, enhance air quality and decrease noise exposure. We analyzed the number of check-ins in various parks of Shanghai by utilizing geotagged social media network check-in data. This article presents a descriptive study using social media data by obtaining the three-year comparison of spatial and temporal patterns of park visits to raise public awareness that green parks provide a healthy environment that can be beneficial for the well-being of urban citizens. We investigated the visitor spatiotemporal behavior in more than 115 green parks in 10 districts of Shanghai with approximately 250,000 check-ins. We examined 3 years of geotagged data and our main findings are: (i) the spatial and temporal variations of users in urban green parks (ii) the gender differences in space and time with relation to urban green parks. The main objective of this article is to present evident data for policymakers on the advantages of providing green spaces access to urban citizens and to facilitate cities with systematic approaches to provide green space access to improve the health of urban citizens.
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