Size-dependent instability of organic solar cell resting on Winkler–Pasternak elastic foundation based on the modified strain gradient theory

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 2020, 177
Issue Date:
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© 2019 The present study employs the modified strain gradient theory (MSGT) in conjunction with the refined shear deformation plate theory to explore the buckling behaviour of simply supported and clamped OSC. The Winkler-Pasternak elastic foundation is implemented to idealise the foundation. The size-dependent effect of the OSC is captured by the three length scale parameters within the MSGT. The Hamilton principle is used to derive the equations of motion and the boundary conditions, and the Galerkin procedure is subsequently implemented to obtain the critical buckling load. Subsequently, the framework is extended to the thermally induced buckling behaviour, and three types of temperature rise patterns, namely uniform, linear and nonlinear temperature variations, along the thickness of the OSC are considered. Several verification studies are conducted to illustrate the accuracy of the present method. Besides, size-dependent material properties are taken into consideration during the numerical experiments. Thorough studies are conducted to demonstrate the difference between critical buckling loads obtained from the MSGT, the modified couple stress theory (MCST), and the classical plate theory (CPT) models. Furthermore, the effects of length scale parameter (h/l), the aspect ratio (a/b), the length-to-thickness ratio (a/h) and the Winkler-Pasternak elastic foundation parameters on the buckling behaviour of the OSC are also revealed by the numerical results.
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