Novel Switchable Filtering Circuit With Function Reconfigurability Between SPQT Filtering Switch and Four-Way Filtering Power Divider
- Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques, 2020, 68, (3), pp. 867-876
- Issue Date:
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© 2019 IEEE. In this article, we propose a circuit model for designing the switchable filtering circuit with reconfigurable functions between a single-pole quad-throw (SPQT) filtering switch (State 1) and a four-way filtering power divider (State 2) without additional switchable impedance matching network (IMN). The proposed circuit model can be utilized as the feeding network of a switchable directive and omni-directional antenna system to eliminate the omni-directional antenna in conventional solutions to reduce the size and cost. It consists of four filter channels with a common port. In State 1, it works as a SPQT filtering switch, where only one channel is turned on to realize good filtering responses and the impedances at the other three channels are adapted to infinity to realize high isolation. The four channels are turned on simultaneously in State 2 to work as a four-way filtering power divider, and the input impedance of the common port is the same as that in State 1. Thus, a switchable IMN is not required for port matching when switching between the two states. Transmission zeros are generated to enhance the skirt selectivity. For verification, the filtering circuit is constructed using high- Q coaxial resonators. Experimental results show excellent performance in both states acting as a SPQT filtering switch and a four-way filtering power divider.
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