Optimal placement of direct current power system stabiliser (DC-PSS) in multi-terminal HVDC grids

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Journal Article
IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, 2020, 14, (12), pp. 2315-2322
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© The Institution of Engineering and Technology 2020. This study focuses on the selection of the most effective location of direct current power system stabiliser (DC-PSS) in multi-terminal high-voltage direct current (MT-HVDC) grids that is applied to voltage source converter (VSC) to voltage stability enhancement and oscillation damping. Due to the adverse interaction between having multiple number of DC-PSS, it is necessary to select the best location for installing DC-PSS in MT-HVDC grid. In this study, the participation factor (PF) method is used. This method assists to find which power converters are more sensitive and have a major impact on the instability of the entire system. In this approach, the whole of the system is modelled as a multi-input multi-output (MIMO) dynamic system. PFs related to each power converter are intended by the oscillatory mode sensitivity analysis against the components of the MIMO matrix of the system. The PF analysis determines which VSC station is more participating in the small-signal instability of the system. In order to endorse the efficiency of the proposed method, time-domain MATLAB simulations are conducted in Cigré MT-HVDC grid benchmark.
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