Quasi-Reflectionless Microstrip Bandpass Filters Using Bandstop Filter for Out-of-Band Improvement

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Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 2020, 67, (10), pp. 1849-1853
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© 2004-2012 IEEE. In this brief, a class of microstrip bandpass filters (BPFs) with quasi-reflectionless behavior on both input and output ports is presented. A single-port reflectionless BPF is proposed by shunt connecting one bandstop filter cell namely one-cell. This one-cell single-port reflectionless BPF is made up of a high impedance transmission line as a series band-pass filter section and a shunt-connected band-stop section with resistively terminated. In the operation passband, the bandpass filter section is used to transmit spectral energy, while the bandstop section is regarded as an open circuit. Besides, the out-of-band energy is absorbed by resistively component in the bandstop filter section. In order to achieve better out-of-band reflectionless characteristic, a two-cell two-port reflectionless BPF is constructed by shunt connecting two cells at input/output ports and one series bandpass filter section in the center. In addition, a three-cell reflectionless BPF is designed to further verify the improvement of out-of-band performance. Finally, two-cell and three-cell two-port reflectionless BPFs are fabricated and tested to verify the design concept. The measured results of these two reflectionless BPFs are in good agreement with the simulation ones.
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