Energy efficiency with service availability guarantee for Network Function Virtualization

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Future Generation Computer Systems, 2021, 119, pp. 140-153
Issue Date:
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Following the trend of Network Function Virtualization (NFV), dedicated hardware middleboxes are replaced with innovative and flexible software middleboxes also known as Virtual Network Functions (VNFs). An ordered sequence of VNFs composing a logical service is called Service Function Chain (SFC). VNFs are generally run on commodity servers. In this way, the capital and operational expenditures of buying and maintaining dedicated hardware for telecom operators can be greatly reduced. One of the key issues in NFV is the optimal VNF placement and service chaining to achieve energy efficiency. However, the current NFV energy saving approaches seem to consider energy minimization as the only objective to be optimized. Little or no attention is given to other important aspects, e.g., service availability, which is paramountly important to fulfill Service Level Agreement (SLA) for telecom operators. This paper investigates the energy efficiency optimization with service availability guarantee in NFV-enabled networks. We firstly propose a novel green orchestration NFV architecture. Then, an energy-efficient VNF placement framework guaranteeing service availability is presented under the proposed architecture, and evaluated by extensive simulations. Open research issues and technical challenges in this emerging area are also presented.
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