Combustion characterization of waste cooking oil and canola oil based biodiesels under simulated engine conditions

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Journal Article
Fuel, 2018, 224, pp. 167-177
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Alternative fuels will come from a variety of feed stocks and refinement processes. Understanding the fundamentals of combustion and pollutants formation processes of these fuels will be useful for their implementation in different combustion systems. In this work, optical diagnostics were performed to waste cooking oil (WCO) and canola oil (CAO) based biodiesel sprays to assess their combustion and soot formation processes. Conventional diesel was used as a reference fuel for comparison with the biodiesels. The experiments were conducted in an optically-accessible constant-volume combustion chamber (CVCC) with simulated compression-ignition engine conditions, with different degree of exhaust gas recirculation. The liquid length and lift-off length results indicate that there was no significant interaction between the liquid phases of the fuels and their combustion regions. The flame lift-off lengths were found to be affected by both the chemical and physical properties of the fuels. It was observed that a larger difference between the lift-off length and the first-luminosity distance was correlated with lesser downstream soot formation, although the molecular structure of the fuel was found to affect the process too. Assessing the sooting and combustion characteristics of the biodiesel and diesel flames across the varied ambient O atmospheres revealed that the estimated soot contents of the biodiesel and diesel flames peaked at 15 and 21 vol.% O concentration, respectively. The peak soot contents of the WCO and CAO biodiesel flames were found be comparable, but lower than that of diesel, across the various O environment. The results also demonstrated that the biodiesels have higher normalized peak pressure values than diesel at all O conditions. Two-color pyrometry data demonstrated that the measured soot temperature and soot KL factors of the flames were similar at 15 and 21 vol.% O , but varied with further reduction of ambient O concentration. Variations in the combustion duration and flame area were found to be fuel dependent. 2 2 2 2 2 2
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