, Performance of the Pressure Assisted Forward Osmosis-MSF Hybrid Desalination Plant
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Water, 2021, (13), pp. 1-16
- Issue Date:
Osmotically driven membrane process was proposed for seawater pretreatment to multi-stage flashing (MSF) thermal plant. Brine reject from the MSF plant was the draw solution (DS) in the forward osmosis (FO) process in order to reduce chemical use. The purpose of FO is the removal of divalent ions from seawater prior the thermal desalination. In this study, seawater at 80 g/L and 45 g/L concentrations was used as the brine reject and seawater, respectively. The temperature of the brine reject was 40 oC and of seawater was 25 oC. Commercial thin-film composite (TFC) and cellulose triacetate (CTA) membranes were evaluated for the pretreatment of seawater in the FO and the pressure-assisted FO (PAFO) processes. Experimental results showed 50% more permeation flux by increasing the feed pressure from 1 to 4 bar, and permeation flux reached 16.7 L/m2h in the PAFO process with a TFC membrane compared to 8.3 L/m2h in the PAFO process with CTA membrane. TFC membrane experienced up to 15% reduction in permeation flux after cleaning with DI water while permeation flux reduction in the CTA membrane was > 6%. The maximum recovery rate was 11.5% and 8.8% in the PAFO process with TFC and CTA membrane, respectively. The maximum power consumption for the pretreatment of seawater was 0.06 kWh/m3 and 0.1 kWh/m3 for the PAFO process with a TFC and CTA membrane, respectively.
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