Multi-diseases Classification from Chest-X-ray: A Federated Deep Learning Approach

Springer International Publishing
Publication Type:
Conference Proceeding
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 2020, 12576 LNAI, pp. 3-15
Issue Date:
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Data plays a vital role in deep learning model training. In large-scale medical image analysis, data privacy and ownership make data gathering challenging in a centralized location. Hence, federated learning has been shown as successful in alleviating both problems for the last few years. In this work, we have proposed multi-diseases classification from chest-X-ray using Federated Deep Learning (FDL). The FDL approach detects pneumonia from chest-X-ray and also identify viral and bacterial pneumonia. Without submitting the chest-X-ray images to a central server, clients train the local models with limited private data at the edge server and send them to the central server for global aggregation. We have used four pre-trained models such as ResNet18, ResNet50, DenseNet121, and MobileNetV2 and applied transfer learning on them at each edge server. The learned models in the federated setting have compared with centrally trained deep learning models. It has been observed that the models trained using the ResNet18 in federated environment produce accuracy up to 98.3 % for pneumonia detection and up to 87.3% accuracy for viral and bacterial pneumonia detection. We have compared the performance of adaptive learning rate based optimizers such as Adam and Adamax with Momentum based Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) and found out that Momentum SGD yields better results than others. Lastly, for visualization, we have used Class Activation Mapping (CAM) approaches such as Grad-CAM, Grad-CAM++, and Score-CAM to identify pneumonia affected regions in a chest-X-ray.
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