Enhanced Removal of Nutrients, Heavy Metals, and PAH from Synthetic Stormwater by Incorporating Different Adsorbents into a Filter Media

Publication Type:
Journal Article
Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 2021, 232, (3)
Issue Date:
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Stormwater harvesting and reuse is an attractive option to lower the demand placed on other sources of water supply. However, it contains a wide range of pollutants that need to be removed before it can be reused or even discharged to the waterways and receiving waters. An experimental protocol to estimate the efficiency of a soil-based-filter medium for the treatment of stormwater pollutants from 1 to 3 years rainfall experienced in the field was developed using a laboratory column-set-up over short-term duration. The filter removed substantial amounts of PO -P and NH -N for up to 8 h at a flow velocity of 100 mm/h which is a 1-year time-equivalent of rainfall at a locality in Sydney, Australia. An addition of 10% zeolite to the soil-based filter extended the column saturation period to 24 h. The breakthrough data for PO -P and NH -N were satisfactorily described by the Thomas model. The majority of the nine heavy metals tested were removed by more than 50% for up to 4 h in the soil-based filter. This level of removal increased to 16 h when 10% zeolite was added to the filter. The column with the soil-based filter + 10% zeolite had higher affinity for Pb, Cu, Zn, and As than Ni, with Pb having the highest percentage removal. Soil-based filter + 10% zeolite removed considerable amounts of 3 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) (30–50%), while soil-based filter + 10% zeolite + 0.3% granular activated carbon removed 65 to > 99% of the PAHs at 24-h operation. 4 4 4 4
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