Cost-utility analysis of medication review with follow-up for cardiovascular outcomes: A microsimulation model.

Elsevier BV
Publication Type:
Journal Article
Health Policy, 2021
Issue Date:
Full metadata record
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death. Pharmacist-led medication review with follow-up might be cost-effective preventing cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a cost-utility analysis of the addition of pharmacist-led medication review with follow-up to usual care compared to usual care alone for cardiovascular outpatients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A state-transition microsimulation model was built to project outcomes over a lifetime time horizon. Inputs from a cluster randomized controlled trial conducted in primary health care centers in Chile with full-time pharmacists were used. Probabilities were estimated using patient-level data. Utilities and costs associated with each health state were obtained from the literature, whereas the intervention costs were retrieved from the trial. The public third-party payer perspective was used. Uncertainty was evaluated through one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses. RESULTS: For the base case analysis, an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of $963 per quality-adjusted life-year was observed which was considered cost-effective. The results were robust to sensitivity analyses and were driven by decreased cardiovascular events resulting in lower mortality. CONCLUSIONS: Medication review with follow-up was deemed a cost-effective addition to usual care with low uncertainty.
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