The Community Nurse in Australia. Who are they? A rapid systematic review.
- Publication Type:
- Journal Article
- Journal of nursing management, 2021
- Issue Date:
AimTo profile the community nurse in Australia.
BackgroundThe need for nurses in the community health care sector is increasing in response to shorter hospital stays, an ageing population and chronic disease. The increase in demand has not been followed by appropriate workforce planning, leading to structural issues and lack of qualified nursing workforce in the community sector.
EvaluationMEDLINE and ProQuest Public Health and grey literature were searched for records published between 2010-2020 relative to the profile of the community nurse in Australia. Twenty-five records (21 publications, two databases and two reports) were included in the review. Abstracted data followed the principles of workforce planning, and included demographics, qualifications and roles.
Key issuesInconsistent definitions, self-reported data and a focus on practice nurses have contributed to data irregularities. Little is known about the specific aspects of community nursing work.
ConclusionA lack of concrete data has over-shadowed a community nursing workforce crisis with implications for patients' health and safety across the lifespan.
Implications for nursing managementThere is urgent need for nurse managers globally to refocus nursing recruitment to the community sector to maintain quality and ensure sustainability of the nursing workforce.
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